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Isaiah-Detailed Outline
A. Rebuke and Promise
Isaiah 1 Rebellion Confronted With Judgment and Grace
Isaiah 1:1 An introduction to the Book is given.
Isaiah 1:2-6:13 The Vision of Isaiah
Isaiah 1:2-9 The charge against Israel is given.
Isaiah 1:10-17 Contrasting ways to relate to God (empty ceremony/ethical purity).
Isaiah 1:18-20 Invitation to obey and repent (He knows they won't).
Isaiah 1:21-31 Announcement of impending judgment is made.
Isaiah 2-4 Punishments for Sin as Preparation for Glory
Isaiah 2:1-4:6 What Israel is…Versus What Israel Will Be
Isaiah 2:1-5 The ultimate destiny of House of Jacob is seen.
Isaiah 2:6-22 The foolishness of humanity trying to exalt itself is given. Discourse on "The Day of the Lord" (Day of judgment) is seen.
Isaiah 3:1-15 Dependence on humanity leads to dissolution. Judah is foolish to elevate those who were destroying them.
Isaiah 3:16-4:1 A metaphor of a wealthy woman reduced to begging is given.
Isaiah 4:2-6 God will not give up on these people.
Isaiah 5 Judgments and Exile in Store for Israel
Isaiah 5:1-30 The reality of Israel's current situation is noted.
Isaiah 5:1-7 Lament for a vineyard that is not fruitful.
Isaiah 5:8-24 Six woes given with respect to the bad grapes and wasting of a vineyard.
Isaiah 5:25-30 God's reaction to a wasted vineyard is seen.
Isaiah 6 The Prophet Cleansed and Commissioned by God
God is closing their minds; things are so bad, judgment is inevitable.
B. Impending Invasion and Future Hope
Isaiah 7:1-7:16 Deliverer Promised
Isaiah 7:1-9:7 Northern tribes have joined forces with Syria. Both have been forced to become part of Assyria. They are putting pressure on Judah to help gain their independence. They are unsuccessful; both capitals are sacked.
Isaiah 7:1-9 Isaiah encourages Ahaz (Judah's king) to trust God, not humans.
Isaiah 7:10-16 Isaiah offers a sign: virgin will be with child, call Him Immanuel.
Isaiah 7:17-8 Assyrian Invasion Foretold
Isaiah 7:17-25 Isaiah's warning to Ahaz includes four calamities.
Isaiah 8:1-10 Additional warnings: allies' plan will not last.
Isaiah 8:11-15 Isaiah shares God's private words and describes the traps they face.
Isaiah 8:18-22 Isaiah practices what he preaches.
Isaiah 9:1-9:7 Messiah, Israel’s only Hope
God's promise of a Son…Counselor, Prince of Peace is given. Christians claim Jesus fulfills these promises.
Isaiah 9:8-10:4 Chastisement Rejected-God’s Outstretched Hand
Six woes spelling disaster for Israel (May reflect the fall of Israel to Assyria in 722BC) are enumerated. Ending is a warning that God's anger is not sated.
Isaiah 10:5-10:34 God’s Judgment on Assyria
Isaiah 10:5-11:16 Despite being an instrument of God's judgment, Assyria will also be humbled. Woe to the Assyrian that exalts himself.
Isaiah 10:20-34 A remnant will survive.
Isaiah 11-12 David’s Kingdom Restored
Isaiah 11 Israel will grow again.
Isaiah 12 Songs of Praise to sing on the day of salvation are seen.
C. Judgment Upon the Nations
Isaiah 13:1-14:27 Fall of Babylon
Babylon was an unhappy underling of Assyria at this point. Within a century, they will invade Assyria and become the major power in the life of the southern kingdom. Their ultimate fall is described. One cannot thwart God's plans.
Isaiah 14:28-17:14 Downfall of the Philistines
Isaiah 14 Prophecies are given against Assyria and the Philistines.
Isaiah 15-16 The Destruction of Moab.
Description of the enemies' attack and its result: Moab is undone.
Isaiah 17 Downfall of Damascus and Samaria
Isaiah 18 Woe to Ethiopia
Isaiah 19-20 Afflictions of Egypt
Judah tries to unite Egypt and Ethiopia with them against the Assyrians to no avail. All would fall in accordance with God's judgment.
Isaiah 21:1-21:10 Babylon to be Conquered and Her Idols Destroyed
Isaiah 21:11-21:17 Dedan and Kedar to be Routed Destroyed
Isaiah 22 Fall of Jerusalem Foreseen; Eliakim to Replace Shebna
Isaiah 22:1-14 Their exultant rejoicing about deliverance is way premature. God has not finished with them.
Isaiah 22:15-25 Address to leaders who fail…analogous to Jerusalem.
Isaiah 23 Downfall and Enslavement of Tyre
Isaiah 23:1-18 Prophecies against Sidon and Tyre are given.
Isaiah 23:1-14 Descriptions of their destructions are seen.
Isaiah 23:15-18 Descriptions of their future rehabilitation and dedication to God.
D. First Rebuke and Promise
Isaiah 24 Universal Judgment Upon Universal Sin
Isaiah 24:1-13 A vision of the land laid waste.
Isaiah 24:14-16 Choirs sing to the glory of the One who is Righteous.
Isaiah 24:17-23 The prophet struggles with the calamity to come.
Isaiah 25 God Praised as Deliverer and Comforter of Zion
Thanksgiving for the end of the enemy; hope for end of suffering.
Isaiah 26:1-19 A Song of Joy Over Judah’s Conversion
Isaiah 26:19-27:13 Oppressors to be Punished But God’s People Preserved
E. Woes on Unbelievers of Israel
A collection of woe prophesies against Israel's leaders are given. It is thought that at this point, Jerusalem had declared independence from Assyria and aligned itself with Egypt. The leaders were ignoring Isaiah's prophecies.
Isaiah 28 Judgment of Ephraimite Drunkards and Jewish Scoffers
Isaiah 28:1-13 First Ephraim, then Jerusalem.
Isaiah 28:14-22 Scoffers have made a covenant with death.
Isaiah 28:23-29 Images from agriculture make the point that everything happens in God's own time.
Isaiah 29 Disaster Ahead for Hypocrites
Prophecies against Jerusalem (here called "Ariel"). Punishment, then consolation. "People honor me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me". The mockers will be brought down; the humble will rejoice.
Isaiah 30 Confidence in Egypt Versus Confidence in God
Isaiah 30:1-17 Judah did not consult God regarding its foreign policy. Prophecy describes the foolishness of Judah in relying upon Egypt Isaiah's prophecies are a record of the rebelliousness of Judah.
Isaiah 30:18-26 Judgment has its counterpart of grace. The people will weep no more "Your ears will hear a voice… 'This is the way, walk in it".
Isaiah 30:27-33 The Lord will come in power. Judah's enemies will be destroyed.
Isaiah 31 God, Not Egypt, to be Jerusalem’s Defense
Isaiah 31:1-32:20 Isaiah tries again to reach Judah - Woe to those who rely on Egypt. Eventually, even these mighty nations will be destroyed.
Isaiah 31:1-5 Trust in the Lord.
Isaiah 31:6-9 A call for repentance and the defeat of Assyria.
Isaiah 32 Israel’s Final Deliverance, and Her Spiritual Renewal
Isaiah 32:1-8 A kingdom of righteousness. After the downfall of Assyria, there will be a just government.
Isaiah 32:9-15 A message for the women of Jerusalem. There will be terrible suffering and a new social world.
Isaiah 32:16-20 Judgment will not be the last word…renewal and peace will follow.
Isaiah 33 Punishment of the Treacherous, and Triumph of Christ
Isaiah 33:1-24 A Series of Woes Summarizing Many Points Made Earlier
Isaiah 33:2-6 The Lord will be gracious.
Isaiah 33:7-9 Promise of the future contrasts with present hardships.
Isaiah 33:10-24 God promises to act". And the sins of those who dwell there will be forgiven".
F . Second Rebuke and Promise
Isaiah 34 Utter Destruction of Gentile World Powers
Proclamation of a total and universal judgment is seen.
Isaiah 35 Promise of Salvation
Joy of salvation among the redeemed people. "Then will the eyes of the blind be opened…the lame will leap like a hart".
G . The Volume of Hezekiah
Isaiah 36-39 Historical Information Regarding Hezekiah's Faith
Isaiah 36-37 Destruction of Judah Averted
Isaiah 36:1-22 Hezekiah's Faith is tested.
Isaiah 36:1-10 Sennacherib sends message - "On what are you confident?" Boasts that God was on the side of Assyria.
Isaiah 36:11-20 Intimidation of Judah: Messengers speak in Hebrew, taunt the people to rebel against Hezekiah.
Isaiah 36:21-22 People do not respond.
Isaiah 37:1-7 Hezekiah consults Isaiah. Isaiah reassures Hezekiah.
Isaiah 37:8-38 Hezekiah meets his political crisis. Sennacherib sends another threatening message. Hezekiah prays to God directly.
Isaiah 37:21-34 Response comes through Isaiah: God will deal with Sennacherib. Hezekiah will be given a sign, but it's for the future. For the moment, he has to trust.
Isaiah 37:35-38 End of Assyrian threat and death of Sennacherib.
Isaiah 38-39 Destruction of Judah’s King Averted
Isaiah 38:1-39:8 Hezekiah's Illness and Recovery.
Isaiah 38:1-8 Isaiah informs Hezekiah of his impending death. Hezekiah prays to God and death is averted.
Isaiah 38:9-22 Hezekiah's thanksgiving after his recovery.
Isaiah 39:1-8 Babylonian envoys foreshadow ominous threat of exile. But Hezekiah will enjoy peace in his lifetime.
H . The Volume of Comfort
Isaiah 40-48 The Purpose of Peace
Isaiah 40:1-11 The prophet is commissioned to comfort the people. "Prepare ye the way of the Lord".
Isaiah 40:12-31 God is about to act. He is Creator and Lord of history and cannot be compared
with anyone. He gives strength to the weary.
Isaiah 41:1-7 Scene opens with a courtroom; Israelites are helpless God will raise up one from the East (Cyrus).
Isaiah 41:8-20 Extent of God’s commitment to Israel. "Do not fear, I am with you; do not be dismayed for I am your God".
Isaiah 41:21-29 Invitation to Israel to come to court to argue who is God.
Isaiah 42:1-9 First of four Servant Songs. Description of the "Servant" includes some of the most familiar lines in Isa. Scholars argue over the identity of the servant…Isaiah or Israel. Servant speaks with the authority of God.
Isaiah 42:10-17 Invitation to praise for what God is about to do.
Isaiah 42:18-25 God confronts Israel about their ability to be his servant.
Isaiah 43:1-7 Despite the declaration of guilt, God claims them. A "fear not" prophecy is given
Isaiah 43:8-13 Another court scene wherein Israel testifies to God's power.
Isaiah 43:14-21 Babylon will fall: followed by a promise of salvation.
Isaiah 43:22-28 The punishment inflicted was inevitable consequence for sins.
Isaiah 44:1-5 Israel has been chosen "from the womb".
Isaiah 44:6-23 It will not be idols but God who delivers Israel.
Isaiah 44:9-20 Images of scorn with respect to idol making are given.
Isaiah 44:24-45:8 The appointment of Cyrus is seen. God will use him to bring the people back to God.
Isaiah 45:9-13 People cannot accept the prophet's message.
Isaiah 45:14-25 Nonetheless, it is God who has cared for them forever. The nations will come to the feet of Israel.
Isaiah 46:1-47:15 The fall of Babylon and their gods.
Isaiah 46:1-7 Prophet addresses the gods of Babylon by name to humiliate them.
Isaiah 46:8-13 The community has to acknowledge the power of God.
Isaiah 47:1-15 The fall of Babylon. All the resources at their command cannot stop the destruction.
Isaiah 48:1-22 Israel is Invited to Respond.
Address to Israel Summons Them to Leave Babylon
Isaiah 48:1-11 Israel's stubbornness will not keep God from acting in history.
Isaiah 48:12-22 People are to "listen". God will not abandon them; they are to prepare to leave Babylon.
Isaiah 49-57 The Prince of Prince
Isaiah 49:1-7 The second "Servant Song". Servant laments his lack of success with the people but renews his faith.
Isaiah 49:8-13 He is reassured by recounting God's care for the people.
Isaiah 49:14-26 Images of a restored and re-inhabited Zion.
Isaiah 50:1-3 God's relationship with Israel is likened to a marriage.
Isaiah 50:4-11 The third "Servant Song". Despite his lack of success, he knows God will assist and vindicate him. He cannot lose with God on his side.
Isaiah 51:1-16 Exhortation of the people to "listen," "pay heed," and "awake, awake".
Isaiah 51:17-52:2 The cup of judgment. The people must realize their hardships are the result of judgment, not chance. Their only hope is for salvation, for the fulfillment of God's purpose. Ending with a call for joy.
Isaiah 52:3-12 Various hymns calling for praise for God's acts of redemption
Isaiah 52:13-53:9 The fourth "Servant Song": In these verses, the servant is humiliated, put to death. It is clear that the servant suffered for the sins of others.
Isaiah 53:10-12 They are vindicated through his death. Again, many familiar passages are seen in relation to Christ's death.
Isaiah 54:1-10 The future of Zion. If chronological, then the servant's work has been accomplished. Prophet leads call for praise, using metaphor of a woman restored. Again, theme of covenant is likened to marriage.
Isaiah 54:11-17 The New Jerusalem. Many of these images were expanded in book of Revelation
Buildings are costly and beautiful. Divine blessings will be permanent.
Isaiah 55:1-13 Invitation to a great banquet. Urging of the people to accept invitation to their own land and God's protection as in the days of David. Use of parable of a busy marketplace. "Seek the Lord while he may be found." Ending on a pastoral note: The Lord's everlasting sign will not be destroyed.
Isaiah 56:1-8 Warnings to keep the moral law. The hopes expressed in 40-55 paled in light of harsh realities of return. Loyalty to the covenant is paramount as is full acceptance by God. Can include foreigners, eunuchs.
Isaiah 56:9-57:13 Current leaders are inadequate, unworthy, and subject to idolatry…probably a reflection of the leadership of the people who had stayed behind. Those who promote debased religion will be summoned, charged, and judged. The true worshipper of God makes abhorrence.
Isaiah 57:14-21 Message to those who believe but are overwhelmed by others' lack of faith; yet all is not lost. Only those opposed to God will suffer.
Isaiah 58-66 The Program of Peace
Isaiah 58:1-14 Dealing with the practice of fasting in its religious significance
Prophet warns people they are not in right relation God. Preparations must be made, get themselves ready by fasting and prayer. Their struggles indicate they are not worshiping properly. They do the outward ceremonies, but with no real internal piety or faith.
Isaiah 59:1-8 God is not to blame for troubles; he is mighty and willing to save. Their sufferings are a result of their sins.
Isaiah 59:9-20 Several people confess their sins and their faith that God will act soon. They recognize that God is at work in the horrible situation.
Isaiah 60-62 The Promise of a New Jerusalem
The great expectations of Isaiah have not been realized. It is possible that the temple has been rebuilt, but it is only a shadow of its former glory. Therefore the words of Isaiah need to be repeated.
Isaiah 60:1-9 The day will come when all the exiles will return with all their wealth.
Isaiah 60:10-18 A description of the rebuilding of Jerusalem with great opulence is given.
Isaiah 60:19-22 All opposition to God will disappear.
Isaiah 61 A prophetic call is given to preach healing and liberation to a stressed people God promises to restore their rights…inheritance, joy.
Isaiah 62 The intercessory nature of prophecy. He is confident that his prayers will be answered. (The exiles have returned, but the land is occupied and life is difficult).
Isaiah 63:1-6 Battlefield language that recounts overcoming evil. It is in form of dialogue…questioner is city sentinel; responder is God. War is difficult and ugly,
Isaiah 63:7-19 Psalm of lament for the community. A confession of faith that includes preparation for penitence and supplication. A lament is given over the current situation and a prayer for forgiveness and help is seen
Isaiah 64:1-12 Continuation of psalm of lament. A confession is seen of the uniqueness of God, the certainty of his divine appearing.
Isaiah 65:1-66:24 Prophecies of Judgment. It is likely that the community was comprised of both faithful and unfaithful individuals. Throughout these prophecies promise alternates with threat. Salvation and judgment will be extended to all of mankind.
Isaiah 65:1-7 Pronouncement of judgment. Those who reject God and have embraced unholy practice face judgment. The verdict will be public; God will be silent no longer.
Isaiah 65:8-16 If the disloyal will be destroyed, the faithful will be saved. Real descendants are those who are obedient to the covenant. Future of Israel will be determined by a remnant within Judea.
Isaiah 65:17-25 Ultimately, the world will be transformed. The transformation of the world will restore it to God's original purpose.
Isaiah 66:1-4 Words spoken, perhaps, after the temple had been restored to remind the people that it is only the focal point for worship. True worship of God is derived from genuine humility and reverence.
Isaiah 66:5-6 The unfaithful will be brought to shame.
Isaiah 66:7-17 The faithful will be comforted like a mother comforts her child. They will be glad at heart
Isaiah 66:18-24 All nations will share in Israel's position; they will proclaim the glory of God to the entire world. The new age and the nation will endure forever. The last verse describes the fate of those who rebel against God. It indicates the seriousness of Israel's privilege and responsibility as God's agent in the world.

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